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An electric fence is a barrier that uses electric shocks to deter people and/or other animals from crossing a boundary. The voltage of the shock may have effects ranging from discomfort to death. Most electric fences are used for agricultural fencing and other forms of non-human animal control, although they are also used to protect high-security areas such as military installations or prisons, where potentially-lethal voltages may be used. Virtual electric fences for livestock using GPS technology have also been developed.
How it works
An electric fence is a mental barrier, not a physical barrier like barbed wire. It works by delivering a shock to the animal, which trains them to stay away from the fence. Unlike the electricity that powers your home, the current an electric fence delivers is safe on animals.
“Many people are concerned they are going to hurt their livestock or animals, but that’s not the case,” Medley says. “Electric fences use a high-voltage, low-amperage system. The low impedance sends a pulsing shock that allows the animal to back away without it being a lethal shock.”
What is the cost of maintainence
Once your electric fence is installed, you should be checking it daily if possible.
“Check to see if wildlife has run through it or an insulator has broke,” Medley says. “There are tools on the market to help with this. You can get a fence alert or indicator lights that notify you when you’re in visual proximity of the fence. Typically, you can set them to flash when voltage drops under a certain point.”
If any repairs need to be made to the fence, remember to power down the electric source first.